Nature in Peneda-Gerês National Park
In Peneda-Gerês National Park, you have the unique opportunity to observe wilderness restoration in a Mediterranean country as several thousand hectares of decreasing and abandoned grazing lands were added to the existing wilderness area.
Due to its position, at the border of the Euro-Siberian and Mediterranean regions, the Nature in Peneda-Gerês National Park will amaze you with its plant variety. You’ll notice species of a great floristic value like the Gerês Fern or the Daffodil. And let’s not forget its incredible forests of oak and evergreen trees, in fact the last remnants of natural forest in Portugal that form the nucleus of the PAN Parks Wilderness in this area. Other habitats of high priority for conservation are the peat-bogs of Castro Laboreiro and Mourela Plateaus and Lagoa do Marinho.
The abundant vegetation also creates good conditions for a rich animal life. Much of it is however endangered and in need of complete protection. In fact, from its 235 species of vertebrates, 204 are both nationally and internationally protected and 71 belong to the endangered species list of the Red Book of the Vertebrates of Portugal. Two species of butterflies, one fish species and birds like the Golden Eagle, the Eagle Owl or the Honey Buzzard enjoy a conservation status for their importance.
You can also encounter other valuable species like the stoat, the vipers and the wolf, a strictly protected species by various legislations.
Flagship species: Ibex, Wolf