Nature in Retezat National Park
The wilderness nature in Retezat National Park is the first PAN Parks certified piece in the Carpathian Mountains, well-known in Europe for its extensive wild forests. In Retezat, you’ll find one of the last remaining pristine forests in Europe, homeland for all Carpathian wilderness iconic species. More precisely, 55 species of mammals can be found in Retezat, accounting for 23% of all European terrestrial mammals. Hikers will find that they share trails with many of these big carnivores, including chamois, red and roe deer, wild boars, bear, wolves, and foxes, and may come across lynx tracks.
Otters find good “homes” and “restaurants” in the Park’s rivers and bird watching enthusiasts have 120 of species nesting in Retezat to discover. Among them: Song Thrush, Ring Ouzel, Red-breasted Flycatcher, Chaffinch, Nutcracker and the rare Golden Eagle. Due to this great diversity, Retezat National Park was included in the Important Bird Areas Network. Butterflies are also very abundant, in number and species, and specialists designed two Prime Butterfly Areas in this National Park.
It’s also a place of incredible plant diversity as more than one third (1.190 species) of Romanian flora can be found here. 90 of these plant species are extremely important for conservation as they are endemic for this area, while 130 are rare or vulnerable. In the mountain area, long, steep slopes are covered with different types of forest, especially beech, spruce and fir, with birch and rowen as pioneer species. Some of the species are quite rare: Endemic Whitlow-Grass, Louse Wort, Bird’s Eye Primrose, Milk-Wetch, Wormwood, Black Vanille orchid.
Flagship species: Golden Eagle, Brown Bear, Wolf, Lynx