The Slovakian Carpathians mountains are considered by Europeans as the last extensive areas with wild nature and wilderness. The truth is that this mountains are still homeland for number of threatened species including full spectrum of Carpathians carnivores such as wolf, lynx, brown bear or wildcat. The situation with real wilderness, that means areas without extractive uses and roads, is not so optimistic.
Carpathians mountains are settled already for millennia and so impact of human activities is visible almost everywhere. Nevertheless there are still fragments of areas with almost any visible human intervention. European Wilderness Society maps these areas because they are important partners and model for wilderness restoration in the coming years.
Besides large unfragmented wilderness areas in Retezat NP, Romania or Gorgany Nature Reserve, Ukraine the last unfragmented piece of wilderness in the size of cca 6000 ha (without any road) can be still found it the northern part of Slovakia, at the territory Tatra National Park. The upper watershed of Jalovecka Valley due to the big flood in the 50s become an excellent example how mother nature can spontaneously re-wild a piece of the land if man keeps hands of and is just a careful observer.