European Wilderness SocietyWilderness

Wilderness Verification Mission in Nationalpark Hohe Tauern

Taken out of the verification diary!

Day 1

At the beginning this week 2 Verifiers of the European Wilderness Society arrived at Mittersill, Austria for the Verification Mission in the Hohe Tauern National Park, one of 3 interested parks for Wilderness certification in Europe in 2015.

Opening meeting was attended by the National Park Director mr. Wolfgang Urban, the Natural Resource Manager mr  Ferdinand Lainer and mrs. Kristina Bauch responsible for science and research questions in the National Park. The team discussed topics like the final zoning of the Wilderness area, wildlife and game management as well as present and future research activities.

In the coming 10 days field trips to the 3 valleys of the proposed Wilderness area, Krimmler Achental, Ober- and Untersulzbachtal, are planned to get impressions of the area around the Grossvenediger and to go in details through the European Wilderness Quality Standards. The intention of this verification mission is to clarify and confirm the suitability of the National Park Hohe Tauern Wilderness to fit to this standard…

Day 2

Today we spent full day in Untersulzbach Valley. After leaving the car left and right steep slopes already belong to the Wilderness zone but narrow bottom of valley is still buffer zone due to traditional grazing. Our guide Feri will lead us to the place where the trail will end at the border of Wilderness area.

The area we are assessing today includes also small fragments of old spruce and cembra pine forest hanging on steeps rocky walls. High among the cliffs we see also small flocks of chamois and even higher rugged surface of glaciers. After 2 hours of hiking we are leaving last calm cow grazing along the trail and entering to the area with no sign of extractive use. The valley is full of thundering milky water of Untersulzbach Creek running nearby. We are at the door of best Wilderness area in Hohe Tauern NP.

This is end for today! To the end of this valley we will go on coming Monday with a group of researchers. During that day we want to assess how is Wilderness subject incorporated to the overall park research work.

Walking down we interview Feri on subject of park partnership concept with local farmers, impact of hunting and intensity of forestry operation outside of park. All these information are helping us to better understand local situation and put together complicated puzzle of Wilderness conservation in this park.

Tomorrow we are heading for few days trip to the heart of this high alpine Wilderness. Weather forecast is promising less rain than today and so we plan focus our assessment work on very remote recently glaciated areas. We will work in elevation 2 500 –  3 000 meters above sea level…

Day 3 and 4

Thursday and Friday we worked in  Wilderness core zone located at the end of Kimmler Achental and Obersulzbach Valley. Due to remotes and elevation we spent there 2 days. Thursday in heavy rain Wolfgang Urban, Ferdinand Lainer and Ferdinand Rieder from Hohe Tauren NP, the two auditors from European Wilderness Society hiked two hours to the Warnsdorfer Hutte.

Cold, clear morning with 5 cm of fresh snow on the surrounded mountains is a  great early morning welcome to the demanding day. Claiming up 1600 meters and walking for endless hours through the raged landscape shaped by glaciers… One of many tasks planned for today is verify if area named Jaidbachkar should be excluded from the proposed Wilderness zone due to extractive use…

Retreating glaciers are the most dynamic process in this wilderenss area

Hot, sharp sun in elevation close to 3 000 meter above sea make all field work very demanding… Trail already disappear among gravel and big borders so our guide Ferdinand Rieder is irreplaceable.  Top of the Schlieferspitze (3 290m) is offering a panoramatic view. It is an excellent place to assess any disturbance or extractive use in the large part of Wilderness core zone. From this point we  oversee about 60 %  of proposed Wilderness area. Several bunch of chamois, family of ptarmigan and sign of ibex indicate presence of local wildlife in this seemingly inhospitable landscape…

On the way down we have to cross Krimmler Törl (pass between Kimmler Achental and Ubersulzbach Valley). It is time to use rope for security – we are crossing edge of Obersulzbach  Glacier… Wet, heavy snow, crevices and endless planes of glacier is our way for next hour. Right in opposite slope we see Kursinger Hütte. Our destination in the coming days. But now we are heading down – down. After crossing glacier we are again among boulders and assess how trails are marked, secured and maintenanced…

Day 5, 6, 7 and 8

After assessing the Obersulzbach-valley and Habach-Valley as well as the Krimmler Achen-valley last week, the two verifiers of the European Wilderness Society focused their work to Untersulzbach-valley. The mining activities in the past were subject they work in the morning. After visit of old mining place, turned to attractive visitor place, they hiked high up to the Untersulzbach-glacier, which lays in the same-named valley and in the special protected area of the National Park.

Accompanied by the National Park’s director Wolfgang Urban, the property structures and the characteristics of this valley were discussed during this hike. The focus was put on the special protected area which mostly belongs to a German nature protection NGO, who received these grounds in exchange to land in the Stubach- and Felbervalley already in the 1930/40.

To assess light and noise pollution in the valley, the verifiers and the National Park director stayed on site for this night to get an appropriated impression of these issues.

Remarkable was the difference of the biodiversity of the meadows in and outside the special protected area whereas most parts of the special protected area have never been grazed or the grazing was given up already years ago.

Day 9 and 10

After hiking through almost all of the proposed Hohe Tauern Wilderness, we spent the last days in the office and verified our findings in several meetings with the staff.


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