The UN Convention on Biological Diversity have published the first draft of the Framework of 2030 targets to reduce biodiversity loss and stop the sixth mass extinction. The plan is expected to be adopted at a UN summit this October in the Chinese city of Kunming. It is a Paris-style proposal against the global biodiversity loss.
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The Plan sets out targets that the global community should meet by 2030, but also looks into the future. The plan makes it clear that in order to meet the 2050 Convention on Biological Diversity vision, we need rapid and drastic changes already before 2030. Thus, the framework of the draft consists of five long term goals by 2050 with associated outcomes by 2030. The five goals focus on halting habitat loss, reducing the number of threatened species, enhancing genetic diversity, enhancing nature’s benefits to people, and enhancing the benefits from genetic resources. The Framework will also contribute to the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals, as there are multiple overarching aims.
“By 2050, biodiversity is valued, conserved, restored and wisely used, maintaining ecosystem services, sustaining a healthy planet and delivering benefits essential for all people.”
The Framework has 20 action-oriented targets by 2030 which will guide the way to reach the 2030 and 2050 goals. The targets focus, among other, on reducing plastic waste pollution, controlling invasive species, ensuring sustainable wildlife trade and reforming incentives that are harmful to biodiversity.
Past goals not met
This Framework will succeed the 2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets that countries largely failed to meet. For example, previous reports show that by 2016, only 5% of the countries were on track to meet the goals. However, the full report on the progress the countries made towards the targets will be available in June 2020. Let’s hope that the countries will be more successful at meeting the 2030 targets of the new Framework.